5 Popular Computer Network Design Topologies

Computer network design needs good understanding of topologies like ring, star, bus and so forth. Whenever designing a computer network, it must be able to meet set of rules that is all referred to as topology. These days, Ethernet is the most widely used topology put in use which consists of peripheral cables and computers together in specific ways. It’s because of the reason that Ethernet is relatively affordable, easy to set up and use and also, fast. Whether you believe it or not, there are two different kinds of Ethernet and these include fast and standard Ethernet.

As you read on the next paragraphs, you are going to be mindful about other topologies used which can help you have better understanding of how to create complex network.

Number 1. Bus topology – in this type of topology, it is basically using a backbone with regards to connect a device. Because of this, the backbone has cable which functions as a shared communication medium wherein other devices could be connected as well. Not many is needed when it comes to the cable and the best thing about this is that they’re easy to install. They got the best performance especially when you are working with limited devices.

Number 2. Ring topology – to have an effective and clear communication when using this computer network design, there would be two neighbors for devices. As a result, every piece of data is travelling either counterclockwise or clockwise in same direction. If there is any failure in the cable, the entire network stalls and eventually fail.

When using ring network, every device has two neighbors for the communication process. All the messages are travelling through a ring in same direction. Failure in the cable or the device is going to break the loop which will take down the network.

Number 3. Star topology – for this type of topology, you might find this in most residential properties. This features connection point similar to a hub switch or router and devices are using UTP Ethernet to connect.

Number 4. Tree topology – for this kind of computer network design, it consist of various start topologies that are intersected onto a bus. This is providing outstanding expandability of network and it is a lot better than a bus or a star.

Number 5. Mesh topology – routes concept is what used by this computer network design. Messages are sent in this kind of topology are given on different paths to travel before it reach its destination. As a matter of fact, the internet is the most popular example of mesh routing.

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